Dietary Benefits

Khedara, A., T. Goto, et al. (1999). "Elevated Body Fat in Rats by the Dietary Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibitor, L-N Omega Nitroarginine." Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 63(4): 698-702.

The influence of the dietary nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, L-N omega nitroarginine (L-NNA) on body fat was examined in rats. In experiment 1, all rats were fed with the same amount of diet with or without 0.02% L-NNA for 8 wk. L-NNA intake caused elevations in serum triglyceride and body fat, and reduction in serum nitrate (a metabolite of nitric oxide). The activity of hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase was reduced by L-NNA. In experiment 2, rats were fed for 8 wk with the same amount of diets with or without 0.02% L-NNA supplemented or not with 4% L-arginine. The elevation in body fat, and the reductions in serum nitrate and in the activity of hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase by L-NNA were all suppressed by supplemental L-arginine. The results suggest that lower NO generation elevated not only serum triglyceride, but also body fat by reduced fatty acid oxidation.